New Research Challenges Existing Guidelines for Drowning Victims

Tuesday, January 20, 2015

Drowning victims may not be helped by prolonged rescue efforts, especially when their hearts have stopped, and their body temperatures have dropped.

Those results come from a new study conducted by Dutch researchers, who noted that drowning is the primary cause of death involving children across the group. According to the researchers, a child with drowning often suffers a substantial drop in body temperature, or a condition called hypothermia. The current guidelines hold that if efforts do not manage to increase circulation within a period of 30 minutes, the rescuers must continue to administer resuscitation until the person’s body temperature reaches a level of 89.6° to 93.2°F.

In the study, the researchers analyzed data involving 160 children who had been drowning victims. They found that only 44% of the children were alive one year after the incident. In 61% of the cases, the children received resuscitation for more than 30 minutes. These children were found to be much more likely to have suffered brain damage as a result of the drowning, compared to those who were not subject to such prolonged resuscitation.

Overall, out of the children who were subjected to such prolonged resuscitation efforts, 87 died as a result of drowning, and 11 persons survived with permanent brain damage. Out of those children who were not given prolonged resuscitation, just 11 survived, with positive future outcomes. According to the researchers, this proves that there is no value or benefit in administrating resuscitation efforts for more than 30 minutes for children who have suffered a drowning incident that resulted in a cardiac arrest and hypothermia.

If your loved one has suffered injuries in a swimming pool accident, speak to a premises liability lawyer in Los Angeles. You may be eligible to file a claim based on negligence.

After their Son is Swept Out to Sea in Hawaii, Parents May Pursue Legal Action

Wednesday, August 01, 2012

Tyler Madoff will certainly not be found alive and his body will most likely never be recovered. Coast Guard rescuers have called off their search of the Hawaiian coast after several days. The fifteen year old boy was visiting Hawaii from White Plains, New York for a kayaking tour. As the tour group hiked on the shore of the Big Island, the entire group was surprised by massive waves that swept over them with extraordinary force. Madoff and another teenage boy were washed out to sea. The other boy was recovered soon after and was taken to a nearby hospital. 

Madoff’s parents are considering a wrongful death suit against the tour companyBold Earth Teen Adventures. The company arranges teen adventure outings around the world. In popular tourist locations like Hawaii, California and New York, vacation and resort injuries are not uncommon but this one may become particularly complex because the company is blaming the local Hawaiian kayak tour company for the accident.

Bold Earth asserts that it was Hawaii Pack and Paddle’s negligence and poor judgment that lead to Madoff’s death since they were the leaders of the group at the time of the incident. Staff for both companies was present at the time that the wave struck, but Abbot Wallis, founder and executive director of Bold Earth, argues that “Hawaii Pack and Paddle is a professional outfitter, paid and permitted to be in full charge of the group” and that "The tour was not complete—a kayak paddle was required to return to our van and they specifically suggested a hike to that location. HPP's lead guide then led our kids and our staff into the area where the waves struck" (

Wallis claims that Hawaii Pack and Paddle are trying to shirk their responsibility in a tragic accident. Who specifically will be named if a lawsuit proceeds is unclear.The two Pack and Paddle guides who were there that day have made a video describing what happened from their perspective and how the accident was impossible to predict. Whether that video plays a part in this developing case remains to be seen ( No matter who is ultimately responsible, a young person’s life was tragically cut short at, ironically, one of the most beautiful places on Earth. 

Summer time Means More Swimming, Increased Drowning Risks at Public Pools

Wednesday, August 01, 2012

A Chicago area family is grieving the recent drowning death of four-year old Vicente Cardenas. The little boy perished after going unnoticed into the Roosevelt Outdoor Pool in Glenview, Illinois. His family seeks answers about why he was not observed by the daycare providers he was with or the pool staff on duty. 

Drowning is not among the most common daycare injuries

: broken bones, lacerations, and even sunburn become more common as the summer goes on. Though a drowning at daycare is a rare occurrence, this incident works as a reminder about the dangers of children around water. Pool related accidents are one of the leading causes of death and injuries to children. As often as the reminders go out from officials and news organizations, the summer always proves to be deadly time for children. 

When such an incident occurs at a private home, there is often no one who can take responsibility but the child’s parents. But what about when a public, school, or neighbor’s pool is involved and parents have allowed another guardian to ensure the safety of their child? What about when a drowning occurs at a resort or summer camp? There is a reasonable expectation that young people will be kept safe and especially robust attention will be paid to young children. 

According to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, drowning is the leading cause of injury or death for children between one and four years old; three children die every day in the nation as the result of drowning. Most of these deaths occur in the warm weather months of May through August. In a particularly warm summer, like the current one, such deaths may increase unless responsible guardians are diligent in their duties.  

Death is not the only tragic outcome from drowning either. There are untold children who suffer lifelong brain injury that may alter the course of their lives. While most pool related tragedies occur at home, many of them occur at apartment complex pools, community pools, and neighbors’ homes. The United States Consumer Product Safety Commission reports that 47% of pool related injuries occur away from a child’s home. Wherever they are, children will be attracted to pools and tragedy may result. Vicente Cardenas’ death, unfortunately, will not be the last child drowning reported this summer. 


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